Indonesia

 

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Climate || Visas || Customs || Transport || Currency || Tipping || Clothing
Office hours || Food || Shopping || Culture || Public holidays
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 Introduction

Indonesia boasts 17,700 islands streching 3,200 miles (5,120 km) between Australia and the Asian Mainland.

Population and Language

Over 200 million people reside in 27 provinces. However, approximately 110 million of these people are concentrated on about 7% of the total area (Java, Bali and Madura).

Climate

Indonesia's tropical climate has two seasons - the dry season from May to October and the wet season from November to April. Occasional rain fall occurs in the dry season as there are rays of sunshine in the wet season.  Average temperatures range f rom 68° to 86° or 20° to 30°C
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Passport and Visas

Visitors to Indonesia must have a valind passport (at least 6 month prior to experation) and return tickets. No Visa requirements for nationals of: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, New Zealand, Singapore,South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States of America and West Germany.
Maximum stay for tourists from these countries: 60 days with entry and departure through:
 
 

Airports: Medan, Batam, Pekanbaru, Padang, Jakarta, Bali, Manado, Ambon, Biak,Ku pang, Pontianak, Balikpapan and Surabaya;
Seaports: Medan, Batam, Jakarta, Surabaya, Semarang, Riau, Bali, Manado, and Ambon.
 

A visa is required through any other entry-points. Nationals from countries other then listed above can obtain 30-day tourist visas from any Indonesian embassy or consulate abroad.

Health Certificates

Yellow fever vaccination are necessary for visitors coming from infected areas.

Customs

 Two litres of alcoholic beverages per adult, 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 grams of tobacco. Photographic equipment and typewriters must be declared and are admitted provided they are taken out on departure. Prohibited from entry are the following items: narcotics, arms and ammunition, TV sets, radio and radio casette recorders, pornography, fresh fruit, printed matters in Chinese characters and Chinese medicine. All movie films and video casettes will have to be deposited for review by the Film Censor Board. There is no restriction on import and export of foreign currencies and travellers cheque; however, import or export Indonesia currency exceeding Rp 50,000,- is prohibited.

Airport Tax

Airport tax levied on passengers for international travel is Rp 17,000,-. While for travel within Indonesia it varies from one region to another with an average of Rp 3,500,- for each departure.Top 


Transportation Most major hotels have scheduled airport shuttels available at a cost of approximately 4,000 Rp per person. Metered Taxis are operating in Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang and Solo. Elsewhere, other forms of transportation, which required setting the fare in advance, include minicars for two passengers, "bemos" or small buses covering regular routes and "becaks" powered by human energy. Trains operate in Java and parts of Sumatra. Garuda Indonesia has an extensive networkof dailyflights to all major cities in the 27 provinces. These flights are supplemented by domestic air services on Merpati, Nusantara, Mandala and Bouraq .

Currency

The local currency is the Rupiah. Foreign currencies can easily be exchanged in all major tourist areas.

Tipping

 Service oriented businesses should be tipped according to the quality of the service. Advisable tip: 10%.

Clothing

Informal ight fabrics are recommended due to the warm, humid climate. It is recommended to bring a sweater or light jacket for travel to mountain areas. Shorts and beachwear are not considered appropriate except at sports facilities and on the beaches, and never appropriate for visits to temples, mosques and other places of worship.

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Office Hours
 
Government offices:
Monday - Thursday  8 am to 3 pm
Friday  8 am to 11.30 am Saturday 
Saturday 8 am to 2 pm
Business offices Monday - Friday 8 or 9 am to 4 or 5 pm Some offices are open half day on Saturday.
Banks: Monday - Friday 8 am to 3 pm
Food

As in China, rice heads the list. Coconut milk and hot chili peppers are popular cooking ingredients nationwide. Tastes range from very spicy dishes of meat; fish and vegetables to those that are quite sweet. The most popular dishes are "nasi goreng" (fried rice) which is otten served for breakfast, lunch or dinner, "satay" barbequed meat or chicken on skewers and "gado-gado", a vegetable salad with a pean ut sauce.All are most compatible with internationaltastes. Inthemaintouristcenters and cities, restaurants catering to international visitors are many, from fine continental grill rooms to Japanese specialty restaurants. Chinese restaurants are found in all towns throughout Indonesia. Tropical and subtropical fruits are available yearround. Bottled drinking water can be purchased everywhere.

Shopping

Many of Indonesia's main cities have department stores, supermarkets and large shopping complexes, open generally from 9 am to 8 pm, where fixed prices prevail. In local markets and small shops bargaining is the rule.

Time

Indonesia streches across three time zones: Western Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, West and Cen tral Kalimantan) + 7 GMT Central Indonesia (Bali, South and East Kalimantan, Sula wesi, Nusa Teng gara) + 8 GMT East Indonesia (Maluku and Irian Jaya) , +9 GMT

Electricity

Most hotels use 220 volts 50 cycles and two-pronged plugs. However it is not uncommon to find some hotels using 110 volts, particularly in the provinces. Check before using an appliance. Some hotels supply adaptors on request.

Communication

Long distance calls within Indonesia may be made by direct dialing through International Direct Dial (IDD) in major cities or through operator-assisted calls. Telex and fax services are readily available in major hotels and larger cities.Top 


Culture and Traditions Indonesians are a very friendly and polite people. Handshaking is customary, for both men and women, on introduction and greeting, smiling is a national characteristics. The population is predominantly Moslem. Nevertheless, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism and other religions are freely practiced. Traditional customs form a major part of family and community life. The use of the left hand to give or receive is considered ill-mannered. Likewise crooking your finger to call someone is impolite.

Public Holidays

 

January 1 New Year 
Feb 20, 21 Idul Fitri Festival 
March 21 Seclusion Day / Saba New Year 
April 5 Good Friday 
April 28 Idul Adha Great Day 
May 16 Ascention day of Christ 
May 19 Hijriah New Year 
June 2 Waisak Day
July 28 Maulid of Prophet Mumammad
August 17 National Independence Day 
Dec 8 Isra Miraj of Prophet Muhammad 
December 25 Christmas Day
 
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